How to Use an Orbital Sander? Experts Tips For Beginner

If you are a regular DIY worker, then consider investing in a good orbital sander, it will complete some heavy tasks effortlessly. Orbital sanders are extremely popular, almost every woodworker uses it to get the desired finish on the surface.

Not only woodworkers, homeowners who want to sand the home floors, they are also investing in orbital sanders and doing the flooring job all by themselves. It is easy to use, that is why most people are considering it.

However, if you have never used before and want to learn how to use an orbital sander, here is your guide. I have described how orbital sanders work and how a beginner can easily get a hang on using an orbital sander.

Take a look, you will end up learning orbital sander.

How Does Orbital Sanders Work?

This tool is a really simple one, there isn’t any complexity. It comes with a small motor that is electric powered, the motor is connected with ball bearing and the ball bearing system is attached with the spinning pad. This is the basic.

Most of the orbital sanders now come with hoop and loop systems which enables you to add a sanding disk easily with the pad. The sanding pad rotates at a speed, and when it does it smoothens the surface. In case you don’t know, orbital sanders are called random orbital sander and that is because of their movement.

When sanding, the sander can move in any direction and it doesn’t stay in a place more. Well, that removes the risk of over sanding. It randomly moves to anywhere, but it is your job to sand row by row so that you get effective and efficient sanding.


This is something that most people overlook. Before you get started using the sander, the very first thing you would want to do is wear protective gear. With that, you will be safe and you will be able to work better. Sanding wood produces a lot of dust that can easily get inside the eyes, mouth, nose, ear. You surely don’t want that? So wearing eye-protective goggles, hand gloves, mask, and earplug is mandatory, if you don’t want to end up injuring yourself.

And one more thing, don’t forget to pick a suitable sanding disk. The grit coarse shouldn’t be more than 60 at the beginning, you can shift to finer grit gradually but 60 is good for the initial stage.

Using an Orbital Sander

As I have mentioned before, almost every orbital sander now comes with hook and loop technology, and you shouldn’t buy an orbital sander without this system in the present time. The perk of this system is it keeps the sanding pad attached securely and very easily. But still, you shouldn’t rely on that, you need to make sure that the sanding pad attached properly. If the pad isn’t securely attached and you start using the sander, that could be harming.

One more thing you would want to keep in mind, do not overuse the sanding otherwise you can cause clogging and will cause the sander to sand unevenly.

Proper Ventilation

Extracting the dust when sanding with an orbital sander is mandatory. Because dust removal will give you a safer working environment. Plus, dust and debris can interrupt in floor sanding. However, most orbital sanders now come with dust collecting system and that makes dust and debris remove way too easy for the users. Work area free from dust and debris will give you smoother working experience which will reflect on the outcome.

Move the Sander

When you will start sanding with an orbital, you will have to keep the device moving. Though, once the sander is on, it will automatically move randomly. However, for effective and efficient sanding you will have to keep the sander moving. Holding onto a place for long will cause uneven sanding. Not only that, but it can also damage the material you are sanding as well. Constantly moving the sander will bring you the smooth finish that everyone desires.

Maintain the Pressure

For getting the desired sanding result, maintaining proper pressure is extremely necessary. It plays a big role. You need to put little pressure on the sander when sanding so that it sands the material. But you cannot put much pressure, hard pressure will slow down the sander and cause uneven sanding.

On the other hand, you cannot put too light pressure, then it won’t sand. So what you have to do is, put decent pressure. And make sure to keep the pressure constant. Sometimes you put much pressure and sometimes light, this will bring you unsatisfying.

And when you start the sanding machine, do not press it against the sanding material immediately. Let it spin for a while. Similarly, don’t turn the device off immediately after removing the pressure from it, let it spin freely for a while, and then stop it.

Sandpaper Grit

You should not get started with very fine grit. Professionals always suggest to start with a lower grit, 60 grip is fine for the start, it should easily remove the old texture of the material. And then gradually you can move on to finer grit. However, you have to choose the grit according to the material you will sand. Sometimes finer grits damage some materials.

However, after using 60 grit if you see it is not working, you can move on to higher grit but make sure that is suitable for the material.


Still here? Then you must have learned how to use an orbital sander. There actually isn’t any complexity, it is very simple to you. And the outcome is incredible. Just make sure you pick the right grit, you keep the sander move constantly and maintain proper pressure, you will end up having a nice finish. And one more thing, make sure to invest in the top-notch orbital sander, it plays a big role so don’t overlook it.

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